Usually groundhogs breed in their second year, but a small proportion may breed in their first. The breeding season extends from early March to mid or late April, shortly after hibernation. A mated pair remains in the same den throughout the 28 to 32 day gestation period. As the birth of the young approaches, the male leaves the den. One litter is produced annually, usually containing 2 to 6 blind, hairless, and helpless young. Young groundhogs are weaned and ready to seek their own dens 5 to 6 weeks. The lifespan of a groundhog is approximately 2 to 3 years but they can survive up to 6 years in the forests and up to ten years in captivity.
Groundhogs are considered agricultural pests, since they love to eat a wide variety of crops. However, their burrowing habits often cause a bigger problem. People can even break their legs by stepping into burrows, and when a groundhog digs under a house or deck, the removal of soil can undermine the foundation.
For many people, groundhogs become a nuisance when they dig burrows or invade on farms, in home gardens, orchards, nurseries, around buildings, and sometimes around dikes. Damage to crops such as alfalfa, soybeans, beans, squash, and peas can be costly and extensive. Fruit trees and ornamental shrubs are damaged by groundhogs as they gnaw or claw woody vegetation. Gnawing on underground power cables has caused electrical outages. Damage to rubber hoses in vehicles, such as those for vacuum and fuel lines, has also been documented. Mounds of earth from the excavated burrow systems and holes formed at the burrow entrances present a hazard to farm equipment, horses, and riders. On occasion, burrowing can weaken dikes and foundations.
Dealing with nuisance groundhogs can be frustrating. Fortunately, our expert have extensive training and experience in groundhog removal. We offer both residential and large scale commercial groundhogs control services and can quickly relieve you of the nuisance groundhogs problem. If you suspect you have a groundhogs problem you should call our expert specialists to schedule and onsite inspection. Contact us today!